The 36th World Economic Forum opens in Davos this morning. More than 2,300 participants are expected in the Swiss resort of Grisons to here on Sunday, including 735 Presidents, according to figures posted by the World Economic Forum. They may begin by sessions of "update" on the world economy, the China and global risks. Major theme this year: "the creative imperative", a priori subject more open that the "take responsibility for tough choices" of last year.
Klaus Schwab, the University launched the forum in 1971, to encourage European leaders to challenge the "American", spent a good part of the year travelling across the world by plane or by the Net to detect trends. With its teams, it determined ten tracks of work. The rise of China and the India first of all, both on geopolitical and economic. If the India is a party later, she now wants to grow 8-10 over the year. Mukesh Ambani, Chairman of the Reliance Group, also is one of the four rapporteurs of the Forum, alongside the regional stage, Peter Brabeck-Lemathe (Nestlé), Martin Sorell (of the French advertising group WWPP) and debonair Larry Summers, President of Harvard. The Chinese side, participation is traditionally more sparse, because the Forum coincides with the beginning of Chinese new year holiday. Klaus Schwab would also think to organize its China Davos Summit, at a date shifted. Participants will also be able to meditate on the struggle for natural resources. China is already the first global consumer of all raw materials, except for oil. Where go the course if the India accelerates
A multipolar world
Third theme: towards a multipolar world, even if the term groveling American diplomats. The "Americanization" of the world away. One example: last year, for the first time, the Koreans saw more Korean movies as American films! Three superpowers emerge alongside America: China, the India and Europe, "if it only decays not", says Klaus Schwab.
The sessions will be also organized on the revolution of creativity ("knowledge becomes a raw material, it must go further"), Europe between decline and new vision, new hopes in the Middle East, the conflict between democracy and efficiency (in some countries of Latin America, surveys indicate that the population would be willing to barter a rising level of life against the establishment of a benevolent dictatorship)the risk of pandemics and the betrayal of generations to come, which we risk leaving mountains of rubbish and debts. A survey of participants in Davos shows 55 of them believe that the next generation will live in a world less safe. In the whole of the population, the concern is less: a poll conducted by Gallup in sixty countries with a total 2 billion inhabitants indicates that only 21 of them are of this opinion.
To discuss these themes will be number of regulars such as Bill Gates (Microsoft), Carlos Ghosn (Renault) or Nevill Isdell (Coca-Cola). Younger leaders also be there like Larry Page (Google) or Lakshmi Mittal. Among the heads of State or Government will be Hamid Karzai (Afghanistan), Angela Merkel (Germany), Recep Erdogan (Turkey).
From France, Davos seems less scare business leaders. Announced this year include: Thierry Desmarest (Total), Daniel button (Société Générale), Jean-François Theodore (Euronext), Lindsay Owen-Jones (L'Oreal), Bernard Bourigeaud (Atos), Pierre Gadonneix (EDF) or Maurice Lévy (Publicis). On the side of Government should be five Ministers, starting with Thierry Breton. Christine Lagarde, already come repeatedly, could participate in informal meetings to advance the Doha agenda. Jacques Chirac and Dominique de Villepin responded to the proposals of Professor Schwab. But rumours were the surprise arrival of one or the other.