Views of the sky, the huge Brown swath span still several kilometres off the Mississippi delta. However, after a week of struggle, BP is reached Saturday, for the first time, to "capture" more than 10,000 barrels per day (i.e. more than half of the leak, estimated 12,000 to 19,000 barrels per day), with the establishment of a lid connected to a pipe of pumping. Second-best a solution fragile, but also the first tangible progress recorded by the "polluters" since the explosion of its platform on April 20.
For Barack Obama who conducted Friday, his third visit to the coast of Louisiana to attempt to appease the anger of local populations, it is a reason for hope. While severely criticizing the eventual payment of dividends to its shareholders by BP, US President has promised to be the largest requirement with the British group.
"I want that BP leaders understand that they have a moral and legal obligation for the damage caused in the Gulf of the Mexico", has launched Barack Obama on port of Grand Isle. Not the issue for the British group of "stingy on the reimbursement of the fishermen and small business" affected head-on by the disaster, warned, when we speak of a "dividend of 10.5 billion with a large M". He also said shocked by television for $ 50 million campaign deployed by BP to try to preserve his image.
A "preliminary bill."
Shirt sleeves curled, Barack Obama has maintained for several hours with elected officials and members of the local community, to try to erase the impression of a delay of mobilization. It was also stated that a first "preliminary bill" 69 million already was addressed to BP by the Federal Government to cover the first cleaning costs borne by the taxpayer. A drop of water to the global 10 to $ 20 billion of potential damage Bill estimated by some experts. "I would like to see more committed President on the ground," launched Saturday George LeMieux, Republican Senator from the State of Florida, inviting BP to make a first donation of $ 1 billion for the cleaning of the coasts of the four affected States emergency. For the first time since the beginning of the crisis, gross cakes were detected, this weekend, on the beaches of Pensacola, Florida.
A beginning of progress
If BP loses not hope to seriously restrict the flow of crude oil, its purpose is more to cement the leak before the completion of the well to rescue to take "three months of work", has recognized the CEO of BP, Tony Hayward, in a forum published by the Wall Street Journal of 4 June. The British group hopes not recover about 90 of crude oil between now and then, if the hurricane season just step ruin efforts.
Despite the beginning of progress, the broadcast loop on images of oiled pelicans CNN did not contribute to play down the situation. Also the direct impact of the spill on local wildlife and the fishing industry which represents 30 of U.S. production of seafood, many experts fear an incalculable environmental impact. Some scientists do not exclude a devastating of the massive use of the chemical dispersant Corexit effect used at the source to limit the rise of the oil on the surface, the plankton and the ecosystem. According to some models, the dissemination of underwater pollution could be accentuated by the "loop current", a circular current of the Gulf of the Mexico likely to suck up and propel crude oil to the "Gulf Stream".
"Ironically, the oil could be returned to the sender by the Gulf Stream and might contribute to dilute pollution here," said Bob Thomas, Director of the Center for Environmental Communication at Loyola University, in New Orleans. Comfort for the local populations already heavily experienced by Hurricane Katrina five years ago.